INTERPRETING THE SCRIPTURES BACKWARDS PRODUCES A MESSAGE THAT IS BACKWARDS.

Beginning tomorrow I will be starting to preach and teach through the whole Bible beginning in the book of Genesis. As I study this morning I am reminded why I am starting in Genesis. I have noticed over the years two things wrong with much preaching that we find in the modern church world. First, a felt needs preaching style approach to preaching. There is nothing sinful about this approach, however I have many reasons why I do not like this approach of which I will not lay out before you in this post. The second thing that I have noticed that happens most often (not always) is that most Bible teaching/preaching is in a style that teaches the scriptures backwards. Most Bible teaching/preaching I have found begins in the New Testament (NT) and then they go back to the Old Testament (OT) to understand its meaning. I will say that both testaments need each other and compliment each other. However I have noticed that reading the Bible in a backward approach of NT first before OT leads to a lot of error and misunderstandings of the scripture. By doing this approach a person tends to ignore the plain cultural meaning of the text. I could give at least three doctrinal errors that occur by studying the Bible in this way. I have heard all of my life people (including myself) taking things that Paul says or what a NT passage says and using it to contradict or change what Moses or the prophets gave as clear instructions to God’s people. I maintain that if we come to such a conclusion that leads us in a situation where we pin the right side of the Bible against the left thereby cancelling things written in Moses or the prophets then we have not understood the NT correctly and are in need of further study. Why do I say that? Why do I place such a new emphasis on Moses and the prophets in my ministry now? Because what Moses and the prophets wrote is THE FOUNDATION OF what the apostles and NT writers wrote. For example, when you read the book of Acts, you see that, historically, the followers of Jesus did not simply accept whatever new teaching they heard. They could not have tested established revelation(the OT), which they knew to be true, by a new revelation(NT) which they did not know to be true. The three sections of the OT were already accepted and established as God’s holy everlasting word. God had already commanded and Jesus confirmed in his ministry that a new teaching or claim of messiah-ship was to be tested against what God had already revealed-not the other way around. INTERPRETING THE SCRIPTURES BACKWARDS PRODUCES A MESSAGE THAT IS BACKWARDS. Those first century believers in Jesus as the messiah could not and did not justify the teaching of the NT by quoting the NT. They did not use the NT to validate itself. Historically the early followers of Jesus did not accept whatever new teaching they heard. They tested what they had heard against what God had already revealed in the OT which was their scriptures and foundation of beliefs. Where do we find this? Many places but one of my favorites is in Acts 17. To be specific, we find this in Acts 17 verses 3 and 11. The Bereans took what Paul said and TESTED it according to the OT scriptures to see if Paul was teaching truth. The new had to be measured by the true, not the other way around. So once again reading and teaching the scriptures in a backwards fashion produces a message that is backwards. This is why I will be starting my Bible preaching ministry at Bible Truth Church with Bible exposition that begins at the beginning of the Bible, the book of Genesis. Let me make a few things clear. The whole OT and the whole NT is the infallible word of the Lord. Please do not take this post and say that I am saying other wise. I am only saying that doctrinal errors happen when we do not understand the front of the Bible before the back of the Bible. I am also suggesting that the OT is the foundation of the NT and that the writers of the NT would have never taught anything different than what Moses and the Prophets said of which I could give you several verses that teach this plainly in the NT. I am also not saying that preaching a topical sermon is wrong or that preaching through NT books are wrong. I am simply saying that caution needs to be given when we try teaching the NT when we do not have a good grasp of the foundation of the NT, which is the old. THE DICTIONARY OF THE NT IS THE OT. I personally feel the need to take folks through a Bible exposition of the OT and move from there to the NT. I know most churches do it the other way around, and that is fine, however I feel that the BEST WAY to read the scriptures and teach the scriptures is in the way that God wrote it, from the beginning to the end. When done this way we see the unity of the scriptures like never before! I will be posting all of my sermons through Genesis on this website. I hope that these sermons will be a blessing to you and will help you grow in your understanding of the eternal word of God.

God bless, Brady C. Crum

What is new with Brady Crum Ministries

Hello my dear friends,

I want to take this time to give you an update concerning Brady Crum Ministries. It has been a while since I have done a blog. I have been on a sabbatical and have taken time away from the ministry which was the hardest thing I have ever done in my life and yet has been the greatest thing that I have ever done. Most of you reading this know me as Pastor Brady or Brother Brady. I do still have a pastor’s heart and would love to be your  brother in the Lord after you read this post. I have been in ministry for 10 years. I spent 5 years at Bethel Church in Festus Missouri and I spent 4 years as the Assistant Pastor at the First Free Will Baptist Church of De Soto. I have taken the last year off from public ministry. I have been so blessed to have been in those ministry positions and have met some of the most dearest people in my life during that time. I am currently starting a church in the Bonne Terre area and beginning next weekend will be back in public ministry which thrills my soul. However, after taking off for a little over a year I have been able to take a much needed journey on the road of life with my Lord. I have grown in my relationship with the Lord in ways that I would have never done so had I not taken the needed time off to focus on my relationship with the Lord and what he wanted in my life. Even tho I took off a year in public ministry, I have never lost the desire to win souls to the Lord Jesus Christ and to disciple them in the word of God. I have never also lost my desire to shepherd a group of God’s people in a closer walk with him. That is why I am excited to pursue that calling the rest of my life even tho it looks differently than it once did in my mind. Since leaving  full time ministry a year ago I have had plenty of time to just talk with my Lord and to study his word as to what he wants out of my life. It has been enriching and yet very humbling. Sometimes it is our pride that keeps us from growing with the Lord. When we always think everything is fine or that we have it all figured out, we never grow. There are several reasons as to why I left full time ministry and this post really isn’t about those reasons. This post is about an update and more about who I am now and where do I stand on certain things since leaving the full time ministry. Most of you that know me know that I was a Jehovah’s Witness for almost 10 years of my life and then I got saved and became Pastor for another 10 years. There are some reading this who already know and then there are others who do not know, but I am not a Free Will Baptist pastor anymore. Actually, I am not even a Free Will Baptist anymore. That being said I was not one the first 5 years of my ministry either. I mentioning this does not in anyway mean that I think that Free Will Baptists are not saved Christians or that they are not great people. I have met some of the dearest saints of God in the Free Will Baptist denomination who love the Lord. I know when I was a Free Will Baptist that we did not hold it against anyone if they were a different kind of baptist or if they were Pentecostal. We simply disagreed on some theological issues and that was it. We never questioned if folks loved the Lord by merely being of a different denomination. I in no way want this post to be offensive to any of my Baptist brothers or sisters. I love you all and I know you love the lord. That being said, I have chosen to go a different path and am just trying to serve the Lord the best way I know and see from the Scriptures. This is the third time in my life that I have had to change some of my beliefs based off a honest and further study of the word of God. This is nothing new to me. That being said when I see something different in my studies of the scripture I refuse to deny it and just continue doing what I have always done for the simple reason that it is what I have always done.  The best way that I can explain what has happened to me in my walk with the Lord in the last year is found in the book of Acts.We find a passage of scripture in the 18th chapter of the book of Acts concerning a man by the name of Apollos. We will pick it up in Acts 18:24-28.

(Acts 18:24-28) “¶ And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus. {25} This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. {26} And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly. {27} And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace: {28} For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.”

Noticed this man Apollos was mighty in the scriptures and he was instructed in the way of the Lord. However, his knowledge was limited. When Aquila and Priscilla had heard of Apollos and how he was lacking in his understanding of the scriptures they expounded the way of God MORE PERFECTLY. What did Apollos do? Did he use his “mightiness in the scriptures” as a badge of honor and a reason to not change his beliefs or way of life? No he did not. He was humbled enough to see that he was lacking in his understanding of the word of God and he decided to follow God more perfectly. This same experience that Apollos had is what I have experienced in my own walk with the Lord. I have always loved the word of God and have had a pretty good knowledge of the scriptures just like Apollos had. However, there are some things that I was ignorant of and did not know that the scriptures taught. What would I do now? I could deny those things that have been expounded to me from the scriptures and keep doing what I have always done or I could accept the scriptures and what they taught and follow the way of God MORE PERFECTLY. Well I have chosen the latter. Once again this has been a humbling thing for me as I am sure it was for Apollos. That being all said, I believe that I as a Free Will Baptist was serving the Lord the best way I knew how and I still think that my brethren who are baptist, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Methodist, and what ever else denomination are serving the Lord the best way they know how. However, after being shown the way of God more perfectly I must walk in that way. That does not mean that I am more saved than anybody else. We are not saved by obeying God, but by our trust in Jesus Christ as our substitute for our sins on the cross. I want to make that very clear. Some despite me making this very clear might still be tempted to say that I teach a works salvation. I believe that we do not serve the Lord to be saved, but we serve him because we are saved and that sanctification is a process that the Lord desires and is doing thru each and every believer by the Holy Spirit and the believers willingness to yield to it. Now that I have publicly informed all as to me not being a Free Will Baptist anymore I think its fitting to give some explanation as to why not with out fighting with folks about it. I have studied the Free Will Baptist Treatise extensively and there is a item in that doctrinal statement that I can no longer say I believe and hence practice. I know most will disagree with me and that is fine. I will be patient with you as the lord and others have been patient with me. Before I elaborate on this item of disagreement, I want to lay some foundation first. It is so important that a person understands the foundation that I am going to lay in order to understand the rest of this post. The foundation that I am going to lay most will agree with me at first, but its the conclusion of the reader that I worry about. What is that foundation? Its that the WORD OF THE LORD ENDURES FOREVER! Most would give a hearty amen and a agreement to this until I give more explanation. Let me ask all of my readers a question…..is THE TEN COMMANDMENTS and the Old Testament(OT) apart of the word of the Lord that endures forever? Most would say so and I did for many years until I realized that I really said that but did not show it. The first brick in the foundation is that the word of the Lord endures forever which is the OT and New Testament(NT) in the Bible. The second brick in the foundation of our faith that I want to establish is summarized in 2 rules as follows:

1. There are no contradictions in the Bible

2. If you think you have found a contradiction in the Bible then go back and read rule number 1 again.

I am going to give you three bricks that you need in your foundation that is vital in understanding the word of God.

Brick #1: The Word of God endures forever and never changes

Brick #2: The Word of God never contradicts itself

Brick # 3: The foundation and basis of the right side of your Bible (NT) is the left side of your Bible(OT)

If one really wants to understand the word of God and grow in the grace and knowledge of Jesus Christ then these three bricks are key to the foundation of following God. Most folks including myself never have any issues with bricks #1 and #2 above. Let me expound more fully on # 3.

There is a great lack in the understanding of the word of God when we read the back of the book before the beginning of the book. The writers of the NT believed the OT was the final authority and would never contradict Moses or the prophets which was the word of God and still is as much as the NT is.

Now that I have laid some bricks in the foundation, I can elaborate more on the item I disagree with in the Free Will Baptist Treatise. In the treatise it has a doctrinal position on the sabbath that states it USED TO BE( does the word of God endure forever or not) the seventh day of the week (Saturday)but is now the first day of the week (Sunday). I after much studying disagree with that statement of faith on the Sabbath. I could go on and on about the reasons why I disagree with that statement but that is for another post. I will be doing much writing and producing audio and video teachings on the subject of the Sabbath in the future. At this moment, I am just giving folks an update on Brady Crum Ministries and where I am at in my walk with the lord. I believe that the 4th commandment in the 10 commandments is still true today and is as much as the word of God now as it was in Exodus 20. I also believe that since the word of God endures forever that what is suitable as food to be eaten by humans and what is not has not changed as Leviticus 11 is as much as the word of God that endures forever as any other portion of holy scripture. The scriptures is not a buffet where we can choose what we like or do not like. It is all the word of God and it endures forever. I also believe that the festivals of the Lord, that is to say his holidays are forever and is as much as the word of God now as it was in Leviticus 23. These are some ways of God that I have had expounded to me more perfectly. Let me say a few things in conclusion.

First, I love my fellow christian friends who disagree with me. I also would love if our friendships do not expire because of our few differences. What are some of them differences based off of the foundation of the eternal word of God? The three areas of my life that has changed as a result of the foundations listed above is as follows:

1. What day I rest and have corporate worship on

2. What foods I eat or don’t eat

3. The holidays that we celebrate

I also do not believe that keeping the Sabbath, eating clean, or celebrating the holidays of the Lord  or our obedience to any of God’s word gets or keeps a person saved. All that are born again and are in Christ are just trying to love the Lord and serve him the best they know how as a way to love him back as he as loved us first. Our obedience to God is a manifestation of our love towards him and is not the means to our salvation. I want to make this as clear and loud as possible. I want to ask for the prayers of my brothers and sisters despite your particular denomination or set of beliefs to pray for Bible Truth Church as we will be having our first service next Saturday, November 16th. If you happen to be interested in attending our first service or you have any questions about Brady Crum Ministries  you can email me at  bcrum1987@gmail.com for further information.  God bless!

“Singleness of Heart”

“singleness of heart”

I have been burdened with the thought of the business of many lives including my own during this time of year. It seems like if we are not careful we loose focus of the things that really matter in life. God has brought some verses to my mind and I thought they would be helpful for us as we approach a new year. The Lord has been dealing with me and how my life ought to be heading as we approach 2016. I encourage us to not be overly consumed with the affairs of this life but as good soldiers of the captain of our salvation to be focused on what our Lord wants out of us.

(Act 2:46) And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, (Act 2:47) Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

I cant help but notice how the disciples and believers in the early church had a heart that was not divided but single in praising and serving God and keeping him at the focus and forefront of their lives. They did not allow themselves to be distracted with the things and allurements of the world, but was focused in bringing lives to Jesus and the furtherance of the church that Jesus established that the gates of Hell could not defeat and still cant even in this wicked day and age we find ourselves in at the present hour. The Church had amazing success and growth BECAUSE THEY WERE SINGLE AND NOT DIVIDED in their daily pursuit of God and his church.

I also love the words of Jesus in regards to us being single and focused in our lives in regards to serving God.

(Mat 6:21) For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

(Mat 6:22) The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye BE SINGLE, thy whole body shall be full of light.

(Mat 6:23) But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!

(Mat 6:24) No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

As the psalmist sang in (Psa 86:11)

“Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: UNITE MY HEART to fear thy name.”

God wants first and only place in our life, not a divided heart but a united heart in serving him and the church that Jesus purchased with his own blood when he died on Mount Calvary.

I am praying that God will keep my heart united. Israel in the o.t. had many times that they were divided in their heart and was not serving God 100%

(Hos 10:2) Their heart IS DIVIDED; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he shall spoil their images.

Oh how I pray that my heart will be single in service to God and his son! The baby boy born in a manager over 2,000 years to a virgin and died for my filthy sins and has forgiven me for all the bad I have done in my life is worthy of my whole heart and soul and life!

Elijah encouraged the people of Israel to be single to God and not be divided in their heart in serving him.

(1Ki 18:21) And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered him not a word.

If you are divided in your love and obedience to the Lord I encourage you to repent and draw closer to God and be single in your life and focused on serving him and base all of your decisions and priorities in life around him and his church.

(Rev 3:15) I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

(Rev 3:16) So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

Are you HOT AND ON FIRE today for the Lord and focused on serving him in whatever capacity he asks of you, or are you lukewarm or cold on God in your life?

I hope that all who read this will be determined on being SINGLE and FOCUSED in serving God as 2016 approaches and not have a divided heart. Oh how the Christian needs to be single and consumed in serving God. I believe if we will be single and not divided in our love and service for the Lord then God will use us more for the furtherance of his church and in the saving of souls for his kingdom!

500 Scriptures proving a Divine Trinity

Over 500 Scriptures Proving a Divine Trinity

There are over 500 plain Scriptures that refer to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, as being three separate and distinct persons, each with His own personal body, soul, and spirit in the sense that all other persons have them. Two and three persons must be understood in all the passages below if the plain language is to be understood as it reads, for first, second, and third personal pronouns are used in the singular and the plural in the same way that we use them in reference to other persons. If two and three persons are referred to in all these passages and they are called God, then we must understand them as referring to this many divine persons, as we do when the same statements are made of two or three persons of the human race. Note the following Scriptures:

Two persons are referred to in:

  1. The Pentateuch: Gen. 1:26; 3:22; 11:7; 19:24; Exod. 14:19; 23:20-23; 32:34; 33:1-3; Num. 20:16; Deut. 18:15-19.
  2. The historical books: Josh. 5:13-15; Judg. 2:1-5. The term, “the angel of the Lord” means “the angel from the Lord.” The Lord is one person and the angel that comes from Him is another person. Both persons are divine, for the angel proves to be God in many of these passages, and certainly the Lord who sends the angel is another divine person. Also, “the Spirit of the Lord” means “the Spirit from the Lord.” The Lord is one divine person and the Spirit, the Holy Spirit, from the Lord is another divine person (Judg. 3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6, 19; 15:14; 1 Sam. 10:6; 16:13-14; 2 Sam. 23:2). The same is true of the “Spirit of God” which is the Holy Spirit who was the agent of God and spake by the mouths of the prophets since the world began (Acts. 3:21; Heb. 1:1-2; 2 Pet. 1:21).
  3. The poetical books: Ps. 2:1-12; 8:3-6 with Heb. 2:5-8; Ps. 16:8-11; 22:1-31; 34:20; 45:6-7; 68:18; 69:8-9; 89:27; 110:1-5; 118:26; 119:97-104; 132:11, 17; Prov. 30:4.
  4. The prophetic books: Isa. 7:14; 8:18 with Heb. 2:12-13; and Isa. 9:6-7; 11:1-5; 42:1-7; 49:1-12; 50:4-11; 52:13-15; 53:1-12; 55:4-5; 63:1-10; Jer. 23:5-8; Ezek. 33:15-18; 34:29; Dan. 7:9-14; Hos. 11:1; Mic. 5:1-6; Hab. 2:7; Zech. 6:12-13; 12:10; 13:6-7; Mal. 3:1-3.
  5. The Gospels: Mt. 1:18-20; 2:6, 15, 22; 5:44-48; 6:1-18; 7:21; 9:38; 10:32-33, 40; 11:10, 25-27; 12:18, 28, 31-32, 50; 14:33; 15:13; 16:27; 17:5; 18:10, 19, 35; 19:17; 20:23; 21:9, 16; 22:21, 42; 23:8-10, 39; 26:29, 39, 42, 44, 53, 63-64; 27:43, 46; Mk. 1:2, 8, 12, 24; 2:7; 3:11; 5:7; 8:38; 9:7; 11:25-26; 12:27; 14:36, 62; 15:34, 39; 16:19; Lk. 1:32-33; 2:11-14, 22, 38, 40, 49-52; 3:16; 4:1-14, 18, 41; 7:27; 10:21-22; 11:13; 12:5-10, 32; 16:13; 19:38; 20:35, 38-44; 22:29; Jn. 1:1-3, 5, 14, 18, 29, 36; 2:16-17; 3:2, 16-17; 4:10; 5:17-45; 6:27-65; 7:16-18, 28-29, 33-39; 8:14-56; 9:3-5, 33; 10:15-18, 25-38; 11:4, 22, 27, 41-42; 12:26-28, 44-50; 13:1-3, 20, 31-32; 4:1-31; 15:1-25; 16:3-32; 17:1-26; 18:11; 20:17-23, 31.
  6. The book of Acts: Acts 1:16; 2:22-39; 3:7-26; 7:59-60; 9:3; 13:17-41; 16:6-34; 17:18-31; 18:5, 24-28; 19:1-7; 22:14; 26:8-9, 18-23; 28:23-31.
  7. The Pauline Epistles: Rom. 1:7-10, 16; 2:16; 3:22-26; 4:24; 5:1-21; 6:3-23; 7:25; 8:29-34; 14:10-12; 15:5-7; 16:20-27; 1 Cor. 1:1-9, 14-30; 3:9-15; 4:1-21; 5:1-13; 8:4-6; 10:4-31; 11:3; 14:2-33; 15:15, 24-28, 57; 2 Cor. 1:1-23; 2:17; 4:2-15; 5:18-21; 8:1-19; 9:7-15; 10:1-14; 11:1-11, 31; 12:1-12, 19-21; 13:4-7; Gal. 1:1-12, 15-24; 2:16-21; 3:13-29; 5:1-6; 6:14-18; Eph. 1:1-2; Phil. 1:26-30; 2:12-16; 3:3, 14; 4:5-23; Col. 1:1-2, 12-28; 2:23:17; 4:3-12; 1 Thess. 2:1-18; 3:8-13; 4:13-18; 2 Thess. 1:1-12; 2:1-12; 3:1-18; 1 Tim. 1:1-2, 11-17; 2:3-7; 5:21; 6:1-17; 2 Tim. 1:1-2; 2:1-26; 3:12-17; 4:1-2, 8-22; Titus 1:1-4, 7-16; 2:1-13; Phl. 1-25; Heb. 1:1-14; 2:5-18; 4:4-16; 5:1-14; 6:7-20; 7:1-26; 8:1-13; 9:24; 10:5-9, 19-23; 10:5-9, 19-23; 11:25-26; 12:2-3, 22-24; 13:4-21.
  8. The General Epistles: Jas. 1:1; 2:1-5; 1 Pet. 1:5-9; 2:3-25; 4:1-11; 5:1-14; 2 Pet. 1:1-2; 2:1-4; 1 Jn. 1:1-7; 2:1-2, 22-25; 3:1-3, 8-10; 4:9-10; 5:1, 20-21; 2 Jn. 2; Jude 1, 4.
  9. The Revelation: Rev. 1:1-2; 2:7, 10-11, 16-18, 28-29; 3:14-16; 4:5-8; 5:1-11; 6:16-17; 7:9-17; 11:15; 12:10; 15:1-4; 17:14-17; 19:1-21; 20:4-6; 21:2-14, 22-23; 22:1-21.

Three persons are referred to in:

  1. The Old Testament: Plural pronouns are used of God (Gen. 1:26; 3:22; 11:7; Ps. 2:3; Isa. 6:8). Elohim, the Hebrew word for “God” in 2,700 places, is a uniplural noun, meaning “Gods” and is so translated 239 times.

Two persons called God are often referred to, as seen in points 1, 2, 3, and 4, above. Three persons are clearly referred to in Ps. 45:6-17; Isa. 10:2012:6; 42:1-7; 48:16; 59:15-21; 61:1-3 with Lk. 4:18-21; Isa. 63:9-10; Zech. 3:8-9; 12:1013:1.

  1. The Gospels: Mt. 1:20-25; 3:9-17; 4:1-11; 12:18-21; 6:16-17; 22:42-46; 28:19-20; Mk. 1:10-11; 12:35-37; Lk. 1:32-35, 67-80; 2:25-35, 38; 3:22; 11:9-13; 24:49; Jn. 1:31-34; 3:34-36; 14:16-21, 23-26; 15:26; 16:7-17; 20:21-23.
  2. The book of Acts: Acts 1:1-8; 2:17-21, 33-39; 4:8-12, 24-31; 5:30-32; 6:1-15; 7:1-53; 7:54-56; 8:5-23, 29-39; 9:5-20; 10:2-48; 11:15-25; 13:2-12, 46-52; 15:7-29; 18:24-28; 20:21-35.
  3. The Pauline Epistles: Rom. 4:1-4; 5:1-5; 8:1-27; 9:1-5; 14:17-18; 15:8-30; 1 Cor. 2:1-15; 3:16-23; 6:9-19; 7:22-24, 40; 12:1-29; 2 Cor. 1:18-23; 3:3-18; 5:1-10; 6:1-18; 13:14; Gal. 3:1-11; 4:7; 5:16-26; 6:2-8; Eph. 1:3-21; 4:3-32; 5:1-21; 6:6-24; Phil. 1:1-19; 2:1-11; Col. 1:3-8; 1 Thess. 1:1-10; 4:1-18; 5:9-28; 2 Thess. 2:13-17; 1 Tim. 3:15-16; 4:1-10; 2 Tim. 1:6-14; Titus 3:4-7; Heb. 2:1-14; 3:1-12; 6:1-6; 9:6-14; 10:10-18, 26-31.
  4. The General Epistles: 1 Pet. 1:1-4, 10-25; 3:15-22; 4:13-19; 2 Pet. 1:16-21; 1 Jn. 3:23-24; 4:2-3, 12-16; 5:5-11; Jude 20-21.
  5. The Revelation: Rev. 1:4-6, 9-10; 3:1-13, 21-22; 4:1-3; 5:1-10; 11:3-13; 14:12-13; 19:1-10; 22:16-21.

Thus, the whole Bible abundantly proves that there are three separate persons in the Godhead, or in the “one Lord” and “one God” or deity; that these three are in absolute unity and “are one” as believers are supposed to be (Jn. 17:11, 21-23); and that all three persons have their proper place in the creation and redemption of all things, and to each we owe honor and respect in all our worship and service to the Godhead.

If we are not going to believe what God says in His revelation concerning Himself, His Son, and the Holy Spirit, then He is under no further obligation to give another revelation in order to make the subject of God clear to men. If we will not believe one revelation, we would not believe another. If we will believe at all, then let us believe these scriptural facts of human language concerning more than one person in the Godhead. Then we will not have to teach that God is a mystery, that the Trinity cannot be understood, and the other foolish doctrines as expressed by men who refuse to take the plain language used by God in the Bible revealing the Trinity of separate persons in the Godhead, as seen in Mt. 7:21; 10:32-33; 11:27; 15:13; 16:17; 18:10, 19, 35; 19:17; 20:23; 24:36; 25:34; 26:29, 39, 42, 53; Lk. 2:49; Jn. 5:17, 43; 6:32, 65; 8:19, 28, 38, 49, 54; 10:17-18, 25, 29, 30, 32, 37; 12:26-28; 14:7, 12, 20, 21, 28; 15:1, 8, 10, 23; 16:23-26; 18:11; 20:17, 21; Rev. 1:1; 2:27; 3:5, 12; 5:1-7, 13; 7:9, 15-16; 10:6; 11:15; 12:10; 21:22-23; 22:1-5.

Other Proofs in the Old Testament of Three Persons in the Godhead

1.       In the very beginning God used plural names and plural verbs and pronouns of the Godhead (See Point I, 1, above). He has also revealed the Godhead as consisting of several persons, as seen in Point 2, below. Many plain statements of two and three persons in the Godhead are found in Scripture. In Gen. 3:22 He plainly said, “The man is become as one of us.” The phrase “as one of” means “like each person of several persons of the same kind,” as proven wherever “as one of” is found in Scripture (Gen. 19:14; 42:27; 49:16; Exod. 12:48; Lev. 19:34; 24:22; Num. 12:12; 2 Sam. 13:13; 14:13; Job 12:4; 13:9; 19:11; 29:25; Ps. 119:162; Mk. 1:22; 6:15; 9:26). No person could use such a phrase and not refer to more than one person who could make “us.” If God refers to the Godhead as “us” here and elsewhere, we certainly ought to have enough sense to believe that He knows what He is talking about and forget the idea of only “one person.” Many other examples will be given in the following points.

2.       Theophanies or appearances of God to men prove plurality of persons. Two and three persons called “Lord” and “God” are seen at the same time and at the same place, so the deity must be as many persons as are clearly seen. Each has been seen with a separate body and separate acts as in the case of other persons, as is clear from the following points:

(1)     God appeared to Abraham in Gen. 18, and in Gen. 19:24 this “Lord” who was in visible form before Abraham rained fire upon Sodom “from the Lord [another one] out of heaven.”

(2)     Two are seen with the eyes as two separate persons with two separate bodies in Dan. 7:9-14; “the ancient of days” sitting on a throne and “one like the Son of man” coming with the clouds of Heaven down to where the other one was on the throne, and the one on the throne gave to the Son of man a kingdom. One reading of this passage by any honest person will prove to him that there are two separate persons referred to. The one sitting on the throne had to have a body, or He could not sit down, and He could not wear clothes or have hair on His head. He is referred to as a real person in the same sense that others are. Seven times personal singular pronouns are used of Him. God was actually seen by the prophet, or he told a lie. If we cannot believe the writers of the Bible, then we cannot believe the book itself.

The fact that a literal description is given of God as a person is proof that He is a real person. He was seen bodily; He sat on a seat; He had clothes on; He had a head and hair on His head; He had a throne and personal attendants, ministers, and subjects standing around Him; and He sat in judgment like any other judge. Also, literal books of record were opened before Him as at any court trial. The Son of man was brought before Him as any other person could be, and He gave to the Son of man a kingdom to reign over forever, thus proving that He was a separate person from the Son of man. He had a body and the Son of man had a body, or both could not have been seen coming before each other bodily. Shall we deny such plain, literal passages giving actual descriptions of both God and the Son of man? Shall we reject the Bible in part or in whole just for the sake of holding on to man-made ideas and theories about God? To me, such a program is rebellious and sinful, and it is confusing if we want a simple understanding of the Bible.

(3)     Two separate persons are clearly seen and referred to in Zech. 1:7-21, where “the angel of the Lord” and “the Lord of hosts” are talking together. The Lord of hosts commands this angel what to say to Israel. This angel is also called “the Lord” in Zech. 1:19-20; 2:1-13. The one “Lord” says to Israel, “And ye shall know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me . . . for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord . . . and thou shalt know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto thee” (Zech. 2:8-13). Here we have two Lords, one called “the Lord” and the other called “the Lord of hosts” who sends “the Lord” to Israel. The angel, or “the Lord” refers to Himself as Me and to the Lord of hosts as his and he (Zech. 2:8-11). In the other chapters of Zechariah the Lord of hosts continues to use the angel as a spokesman until at the end of the book He is called by the Lord of hosts “my shepherd” and “the man that is my fellow” (Zech. 13:6-7; see Points 26-27, below). This angel is called “mine angel” in Exod. 23:20-23; 32:34; 33:8; and Num. 20:6, so He could not be the same person as the Lord of hosts Himself.

(4)     Three separate and distinct persons are seen and heard in Mt. 3:16-17. When Jesus (one person) was baptized the Spirit of God (another person) was seen manifesting Himself in bodily shape like a dove and descending upon Him, and at the same time these two were seen by the same eyes at the same place, the voice of the Father (another person distinct from both Jesus and the Spirit) was heard from Heaven saying, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” If two persons were seen on Earth and one was heard from Heaven, then there must be three separate and distinct persons in the Godhead.

See also Jn. 1:31-34, where we find that John did not know Jesus, but he did know the Father who had sent Him. John said, “I knew him [Jesus, one person] not: but he [the Father, another person] that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.”

(5)     Two are seen and heard in Mt. 17:5: “While he [Jesus] yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.” Years later Peter made it clear that the voice that they heard on this occasion was the actual voice of “the Father . . . from the excellent glory” and “from heaven” (2 Pet. 1:16-17). Peter here states that those that were with him on the holy mount “were eyewitnesses of his majesty” and that “we heard” this voice from Heaven at the same time we saw Jesus in visible form on the Earth, so there must be at least two persons in the Godhead. Not only did three disciples see and hear two persons on the mount, but on another occasion multitudes of people saw and heard these same two persons. Jesus said, “Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes” (Jn. 12:26-33).

(6)     Two separate and distinct persons were seen by Stephen in Acts 7:54-60 and a third is referred to as filling him: “But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked steadfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God. And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.” Stephen had to see both God and Christ in order to see Jesus standing at God’s right hand. God has to be a separate person from the Son in order for them to be standing and sitting side by side as stated here and in Mk. 16:19; Rom. 8:34; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3; 10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:22; Acts 2:33. These passages cannot possibly be understood in connection with one person, and all theories that will not teach two persons seen in these Scriptures are plainly of the devil and are out of harmony with the Word of God.

(7)     Two are seen and referred to in Rev. 6:16; 7:9-17; Rev. 21:22; 22:3. In these passages we have statements of the wrath of God “that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb . . . before the throne, and before the Lamb . . . Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb . . . the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb” and “the throne of God and of the Lamb,” all proving that God and the Lamb are two different persons. In fact human language means nothing if we do not take it to mean exactly what it says.

(8)     Two and three separate and distinct persons are clearly seen and referred to in many passages. In Lessons Twenty-one and Twenty-five there are scores of plain references to the Bible concerning one person of the Godhead speaking to and of other members of the deity. The following are a few passages which prove this point:

“I seek not mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me. If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true . . . ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape” (Jn. 5:30-37); “I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter . . . the Spirit of truth which proceedeth from the Father . . . I will send unto you from the Father”’ (Jn. 14:14-17, 26; 15:25-26; 16:7-15); “He shall not speak of himself . . . He shall glorify me” (Jn. 16:13-15); “If I go not away, the Comforter will not come” (Jn. 16:7); “And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him” (Mt. 12:31-32); “Father, glorify thou me with thine own glory which I had with thee before the world was . . . thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world” (Jn. 17:5, 24); “The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise . . . as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself” (Jn. 5:17-27).

(9)     Three separate persons are seen and definitely symbolized in Rev. 4:2-8; 5:1-7. One person is seen on the throne; one person is symbolized by a “Lamb” who takes a book out of the hand of Him who sits on the throne; and a third person is symbolized by “seven lamps of fire” and “seven horns” and “seven eyes,” which are the seven spirits of God. This symbolizes the fullness of the one Holy Spirit upon Jesus Christ (Jn. 3:34; Acts 10:38; Isa. 11:1-2; 42:1-5; 61:1-2; Lk. 4:16-21).

(10)   Two persons are seen and referred to in Rev. 10-11. The angel is Christ because of the description and because He says in Rev. 11:3 that the two witnesses were “my two witnesses.” The other person was God in Heaven on the throne, to whom this one on Earth raises a hand and swares to Him that delay should be no longer.

3.       The phrases “the Spirit of God” and “the Spirit of the Lord” and like expressions prove more than one person, for the Spirit could not be “of” or “from” God unless there was a God left behind who sends the Spirit. The Spirit could not be “from” the Lord and still be the Lord left behind after the Spirit is sent from Him. The God who is left behind is a person, for He thinks, wills, and acts as a person, and the Spirit that came from God is also a person, for He also thinks, wills, and acts as a separate person from the one who sent Him. Over 272 passages prove the Spirit to be a self-acting person from the Father and Son, as we have seen in Lesson Twenty-five.

4.       Psalm 2 clearly reveals two and three separate and distinct persons: David by the Holy Spirit (one person) speaks in Ps. 2 of two other persons. He says that the people would be gathered together “against the Lord [one person], and against his anointed” [another person]. Plural pronouns are used of “the Lord” and “his anointed,” proving them to be two persons: “Let us [the people] break their bands . . . their cords from us . . . Yet have I [the Lord, one person] set my king [the Messiah, another person] upon my holy hill of Zion.” Then the Messiah answers His Lord, “I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.” Then the Lord answers the people, “Serve, the Lord . . . Kiss the Son, lest he be angry.” All Bible writers who spoke of God having a Son always made it clear that God Himself who promised the Son was not going to be that Son, as seen in Lesson Twenty-one, Point VI.

Christ is referred to again in Ps. 132:11-18 as the Lord’s “anointed” and as “the horn of David” who was to sit on David’s throne and reign forever (Lk. 1:32-35). In 1 Sam. 2:3-10, 27-36 Christ is called the Lord’s “king” and the Lord’s “anointed.” We are to understand these passages in the same literal sense that we do of other anointed men, such as “the priests” (Lev. 4:3-16; 6:22); “Saul” (1 Sam. 12:3-5; 24:6-10); “David” (1 Sam. 16:6; 2 Sam. 19:21; 23:1); “Abraham,” “Isaac,” and “Jacob” (1 Chron. 16:16-22; Ps. 105:9-15); “Cyrus” (Isa. 45:1); and “the nation of Israel” (Hab. 3:13). There must be two persons for anyone to be anointed—the one doing the anointing and the one being anointed; so if Christ is the anointed of the Father, He could not be the same person as the Father.

5.       Psalm 8 with Heb. 2:5-18 speaks of two persons: “Thou [one person] hast made him [the Messiah] a little lower than the angels.”

6.       Psalm 16:8-10 with Acts 2:25-36 proves two persons, for one is on the right hand of the other, one did not leave the other in Hell, or suffer His flesh to see corruption in the grave. Jesus is now on the right hand of the Father, and the Father is on the left hand of the Son, and this could never be unless there were two separate persons (Ps. 16:8-10; 110:1, 5; Mt. 22:44; 26:64; Acts 2:33-34; 7:54-56; Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3, 13; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:22; Rev. 22:3).

7.       In Ps. 22:1-22 we have the Messiah talking to another person and calling Him “God” and “my God” and in every statement referring to Him as a separate person. This was fulfilled with two persons (Mt. 27:35, 39-43, 45-46; Heb. 9:14; 10:5-12; 1 Pet. 1).

8.       Psalm 40:6-10 with Heb. 10:5-7 proves two persons: the Son, who came to do the will of the Father, and the Father Himself, who made a body for the Son.

9.       Psalm 45:6-7 with Heb. 1:8-9 proves two persons: the Son, who is “anointed” and blessed above His fellows, and the Father Himself, who blesses the Son. Both are called “God,” but one “God” blessed and anointed the other “God.”

10.     Psalm 89:19, 27-37 and 132:11-18 speaks of two persons: the Messiah—who is God’s “holy one,” God’s “one that is mighty,” God’s “one chosen out of the people,” God’s “firstborn,” “the horn of David,” “mine anointed,”—and God Himself.

11.     Psalm 110:1, 5 speaks of two Lords. (See Point IV, 3, below.)

12.     Proverbs 30:4 speaks of two persons: one the Father and one the Son, and each has a name separate from that of the other, “What is his [the Father’s] name, and what is his Son’s name, if thou canst tell?” The Son’s name then is not that of the Father and the Father’s name is not that of the Son.

13.     The prophets speak of the Messiah as “the branch of [from] the Lord” (Isa. 4); “a righteous Branch, and a King . . . his name shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS” (Jer. 23:5-8); “the Branch of righteousness” (Jer. 33:14-26); “my servant the BRANCH” (Zech. 3:8-10); and “the man whose name is the BRANCH” (Zech. 6:12-13). These passages clearly prove two persons: the Father, who was to raise up this “Branch” and “King” to be His servant, and the Son, who is to fulfill these passages and reign under the Father until all enemies are put down; then the Son Himself will deliver His kingdom to the Father who becomes supreme over this rebellious part of the universe, as He is now the head of Christ (1 Cor. 11:3; 15:24-28; Isa. 9:6-7; Dan. 2:44-45; 7:9-14; Zech. 14; Mt. 24:29-31; 25:31-46; 2 Thess. 1:7-10; 2:8-12; Isa. 32:1-5; Ezek. 43:7; Lk. 1:32-35; Rev. 5:9-10; 11:15; 19:1-21; 20:1-10).

14.     In Isa. 10:16-17 the Lord of hosts is spoken of as having a Holy One, called “his Holy One.” This proves two persons, for the Lord of hosts is one person, and “his Holy One” must also be a person. The Lord of hosts could not be “his Holy One,” and “his Holy One” could not be the Lord of hosts.

15.     In Isa. 11:1-2; 42:1-5; 61:1-2 we have clear references to three persons: the Lord Himself (one person), who was to send the Spirit (another person) upon the Messiah (still another person). When fulfilled two persons were seen with the natural eyes, and the third person (the Father) spoke from Heaven concerning the Son, while the Holy Ghost descended upon the Son (Mt. 3:16-17; Lk. 4:16-21; Jn. 1:31-34).

16.     Isaiah 22:16 speaks of two persons: one (the Father), who was to lay the “stone,” and the “stone” itself, which is a symbol of Christ, who is another person (1 Pet. 2:5-8).

17.     Isaiah 42:1-7 refers to three persons: God the Father Himself (the first person), who was to have a “servant,” called here “my servant” and “mine elect in whom my soul delighteth [the second person], I have put my spirit [the third person] upon him; he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.” God Himself, the Servant of God, and the Spirit make three persons.

18.     In Isa. 48:16 we have another clear reference to three persons: “The Lord God [one persons, and His Spirit [another person], hath sent me [Jesus, another person].”

19.     In Isa. 49:1-10 two persons are referred to: “The Lord [one person] hath called me [the Messiah] from the womb . . . he made mention of my name. And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword . . . his hand hath hid me . . . And said to me, Thou art my servant, O Israel [Jesus is here called Israel, or a man that has power with God, as Jacob in Gen. 32:28] . . . [He] that formed me from the womb to be his servant; to bring Jacob again to him . . . yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength. And He said . . . Thou shouldst be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel; I will give thee to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be for salvation unto the end of the Earth. Thus saith the lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers . . . he shall choose thee . . . I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages. That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth.” What could be more clear than that two persons, the Father and the Son, are referred to in these statements?

20.     Isaiah 50:4-11 refers to two persons: “The lord God [one person] hath given me [the Messiah] the tongue of the learned, that I may know how to speak . . . he wakeneth mine ear to hear . . . The Lord God hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious . . . I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. For the Lord God will help me.” This prophecy was fulfilled in Mt. 26:67; 27:30; Mk. 14:65; 15:19; Heb. 10:5-10.

21.     Isaiah 52:1353:12 refers to two persons: “Behold my [the Father’s] servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and be very high . . . his form was marred more than the sons of men . . . He shall grow up before him . . . he hath no form nor comeliness . . . he is despised . . . he hath borne our sorrows . . . we did esteem him smitten of God . . . The Lord [one person] hath laid on him [another person] the iniquity of us all . . . it pleased the Lord to bruise him . . . I [the Lord] will divide him a portion with the great . . . he bare the sin of many . . . thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin.” What simple language referring to two persons: the Lord and His servant, whom the Lord made an offering for sin!

22.     In Isa. 59:19-21 we have a clear reference to three persons: In verse 19 we have the Holy Spirit as a self-acting, intelligent person, whose work it is to raise up a standard against the enemy; in verse 20 we have the Messiah in His Second Advent to the Earth to reign, and save Israel; and in verse 21 we have the Father as the third self-acting, intelligent person, who is going to make a covenant with Israel. Note the phrase “As for me,” which was made after the work of the first two had been outlined. The Father promised the Spirit to raise up a standard in verse 19 and the Son to come back to Zion in verse 20 but “As for me saith the Lord” I will make a covenant with Israel when the Redeemer comes to Zion.” Thus, it is clear that the Father is one person and He is speaking concerning two other persons—the Son and the Holy Spirit.

23.     In Isa. 62:11 two persons are referred to: the God, who proclaims to the world that Zion’s “salvation cometh,” and the salvation itself, which is none other than the person of Jesus Christ (Lk. 1:69; 2:30; 3:6; Acts 4:12).

24.     In Isa. 63:1-14 three persons are referred to: the Messiah, whose Second Advent is foretold in verses 1-6 and two other persons, “the Lord” (verse 7) and “his [the Lord’s] Holy Spirit” (verse 10), of whom He spoke in verses 7-14.

25.     In Mic. 5:1-5 we have two persons referred to: the Messiah who is called here “the judge of Israel” and “ruler in Israel,” who was to come “forth unto me” (the Lord, another person) from the tribe of Judah and “stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God.” The Lord was the “God” of the Messiah, who was to come from Judah and rule for “the Lord his God.”

26.     Zechariah 12:10 refers to three persons: “I [the Father] will pour upon the house of David . . . the Spirit of grace [the Holy Spirit, another person] . . . and they shall look upon me [Him, the Messiah, as found in many MSS. and as translated in the rest of the verse and in Zech. 13:6] whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him . . . and shall be in bitterness for him.” Thus God (one person) foretells how He was going to send the Holy Spirit (another person) upon Israel, who would cause them to repent and accept the Messiah (another person) and mourn for him . . . look upon him whom they crucified . . . mourn for him . . . and be in bitterness for him.

27.     Zechariah 13:6-7 refers to two persons, and both are called “Lord.” In verse 6 the Lord speaks of what Israel will say concerning the Messiah when they see Him. In Verse 7 the Lord (the Father) calls the Messiah “my shepherd” and “the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd [my shepherd, not me] and the sheep will be scattered: and I [the Lord of hosts] will turn mine hand upon the little ones.” Christ is the “shepherd” (Mt. 26:31, 67; Mk. 5:19); so He could not be the other person called “the Lord of hosts.” If the Lord calls Christ “my fellow,” then there are two separate fellows.

The Hebrew word for “fellow” is awmeeth, from a primitive root “to associate with,” “companionship,” “comrade,” “kindred man,” or “another fellow.” It proves that there is more than one person in the Godhead. This “shepherd” was a fellow God, another God, a comrade, an associate and a kindred of the Lord of hosts. This is the only place where this Hebrew word is translated “fellow,” but the way it is translated elsewhere proves that it refers to another person of the same kind as the Lord. It is translated “another” (Lev. 19:11; 20:10; 25:17); “neighbor” (Lev. 6:2; 19:15, 17; 24:19; 25:14-15) and “neighbor’s” (Lev. 18:20; 25:14). If Christ is a fellow God with the Lord of hosts, then we would have to believe in two persons called “God.”

Thus, the Old Testament abundantly teaches a Trinity of persons in the “one God.” Many scores of other passages as clear as the above could be given to prove the doctrine of the Trinity, but these are enough to prove that there are three persons in the Godhead.

IV. Other New Testament Proofs of Three Separate Persons in the Godhead

1.       Jesus Christ is called “the son of Abraham,” “the son of David,” “the son of man,” “the son of Mary,” and “the Son of God” (Mt. 1:1; 8:20; Mk. 1:1; 6:3). Jesus is just as much a separate person from His God and Father as He is from Abraham, David, and His mother, Mary. If He could not be the Son of God except by the Father incarnating Himself in Jesus, then it is just as sensible to believe He could not be the Son of these other persons except by incarnation. He is called “only begotten Son” of the Father and therefore could not be the Father (Jn. 1:14, 18; 3:16; Rom. 1:1-4; 8:29, 32; Heb. 1:1-9; 2 Jn. 3; 1 Jn. 5:1-18).

2.       Many statements are made in the New Testament that clearly distinguish between the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost. These statements are utterly irreconcilable if we force a meaning into them of only one person, but how simple and how clear they are when we understand that two and three persons are referred to. Scores of plain statements are given in Lesson Twenty-one, Point V, proving that Jesus Christ is a separate and distinct person from the Father. In Lesson Twenty-five, Point III, there are many proofs that the Holy Ghost is a separate and distinct person from both the Father and the Son. The following are a few more proofs not given in the other lessons that prove that Jesus Christ is not the Holy Ghost.

Jesus Christ is Not the Holy Ghost

(1)     In Lk. 4:1 we read of Jesus being filled with the Holy Ghost. There must be a difference between them in order to understand this statement. We must understand it in the same sense as we do when it is said that others were filled with the Spirit. Shall we say that Jesus was filled with Himself and that He was setting an example to believers to be full of self, or shall we say—when other people are filled with the Holy Ghost—that they become the Holy Ghost when they become filled with Him? There is just as much difference between Jesus and the Holy Spirit as there is between believers and the Spirit when they become filled with the Holy Ghost.

(2)     Jesus emptied Himself in order to be filled with the Holy Spirit, so if He were the Holy Ghost He would have already been filled with Himself, and this self-emptying would not have been necessary. In Lesson Twenty-one and in Point 19 below, it is clear that it became necessary for Him to empty Himself to be filled with the Spirit, thus proving that He is not the Holy Ghost.

(3)     In Isa. 11:2; 42:1-5; 61:1-2; Mt. 12:18-21 we read that the Holy Ghost was to be put upon Jesus and rest upon Him. How could Jesus be the Holy Ghost and rest upon Himself and put Himself upon Himself?

(4)     In Mt. 3:16-17 John saw the Spirit descending upon Jesus. Did he see Jesus descend upon Himself?

(5)     In Mt. 4:1 we read of the Spirit leading Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted. Are we to understand that Jesus was the Holy Ghost leading Himself to be tempted?

(6)     In Mt. 12:28 we read of Jesus casting out demons by the Holy Spirit. Are we to understand that He cast them out by Himself, and thus contradict other Scriptures which say that He could not and did not do anything of Himself, as stated in Lesson Twenty-one, Point V, 31?

(7)     In Mt. 3:16-17 we see the Spirit descending in bodily shape like a dove upon Jesus, who had a human body. How could He be the Holy Ghost and be a real human being on Earth and at the same time descend from Heaven upon Himself as a Spirit?

(8)     In Mt. 1:18-25; Lk. 1:35 it is stated that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Ghost and by the Spirit overshadowing Mary and coming upon her. Shall we understand this to mean that Jesus Himself was the Holy Ghost coming upon Mary to conceive Himself?

(9)     In Lk. 2:25-35 we read of the Holy Ghost upon Simeon revealing to Him that he would not die before he had seen God’s salvation. Shall we believe that Jesus was the Holy Spirit upon Simeon revealing something about Himself and also at the same time believe that He was a little human baby in the arms of Simeon? Could the Holy Ghost be a Spirit-being and be a human being at the same time?

(10)     In Jn. 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7-15 we read that it was necessary for Jesus to go back to Heaven to send the Holy Spirit. Shall we understand this to mean that it was not necessary for Him to go and send the Spirit and that He was already here as the Holy Ghost, and shall we understand that He was going to send Himself from Himself when He went to Heaven?

(11)     In Jn. 3:34 we read of God giving the Holy Spirit without measure to Jesus. Shall we believe that this means that He was both God the Father and God the Holy Spirit and that He gave Himself to Himself without measure?

(12)     In Lk. 24:39 Jesus claims that He was not a Spirit-being. Shall we make Him a liar and say that He was God, who is “Spirit” (Jn. 4:24), and that He was the Holy Spirit Himself? This would make the human Jesus Christ to be more than what He claimed to be and less than what God the Father and God the Holy Ghost really are. This would make all the Godhead a human being and as not existing in any form outside of the body of Jesus. Who, then, ran the universe and carried on God’s business in Heaven while all of God was in the womb of Mary and during His earthly life—and when he was dead for three days?

(13)     In Jn. 7:37-39; Acts 2:33-34 we read that the Holy Ghost could not be given before Jesus was glorified. Jesus was given to men before He was glorified; so how could He be the Holy Ghost given to men before He could be given?

(14)     In Acts 8:5-20 we read of men receiving Jesus before they received the Holy Ghost. How could this be if He were the same as the Holy Ghost?

(15)     In Acts 10:38 we read of Jesus being anointed with the Holy Ghost to heal. Shall we understand that He was anointed with Himself?

These are just a few of many scores of foolish and illogical and unscriptural beliefs we would have to accept if Jesus and the Holy Ghost were the same.

3.       Jesus taught that there were three persons in the Godhead in Mt. 22:43-45. He spoke of the Spirit (one person) in David speaking of two Lords sitting side by side: “The Lord [one Lord, the Father who spoke by the prophets, Heb. 1:1-3] said unto my Lord, [another Lord, who was David’s son in the flesh], Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.” This is quoted from Ps. 110:1, and is the Lord’s own sanction of the doctrine of more than one Lord in the Godhead. (See Point III, 6, above.)

4.       Several times Jesus is spoken of as having been with God and of God being with Jesus (Jn. 1:1-2; 3:2; 8:13-19, 29; 16:32; Acts 10:38). The Greek word pros means “in company with” and “having companionship with” and could not be used unless there were two separate persons as there are in other situations of which it is used (Jn. 1:39; 3:22, 26; 4:9). If both the Father and the Son are spoken of as with each other, they must be two separate persons.

5.       John speaks of both the Father and Son each having a “bosom,” thus proving two persons (Jn. 1:18; 13:23; 21:20). Jesus-only people teach that the Father was inside of Jesus incarnated, but Jn. 1:18 speaks of the Son being in the bosom of the Father, which is just the opposite of this false teaching. Being in the bosom, as in Jn. 13:23; 21:20, means being outside of the person as a separate person but having a close relationship with Him and being close to in fellowship and love with Him.

6.       Acts 2:33-39 refers to three persons: It is said of Jesus (one person), “Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted and having received of the Father [another person] the promise of the Holy Ghost [a third person], he hath shed forth this [the Holy Ghost] which ye now see and hear.” Thus two persons stayed in Heaven sitting side by side, and the Holy Ghost (a third person) came from those two to take the place of Jesus among men.

7.       In Acts 3:13-26 two persons are mentioned: one person called “God” who spoke from creation by the prophets (Heb. 1:1-3) through the Spirit (2 Pet. 1:21) and another person called “Jesus Christ” who was sent by this God to bless Israel, and who is now on the right hand of this God, whom the heavens must receive until the times of the restitution of all things. If Heaven must receive Jesus Christ until then, He could not possibly have come back as the Holy Ghost ten days later, as some teach.

8.       Peter refers to three separate persons in Acts 4:8-12; 5:30-33: He was “full of the Holy Ghost” (one person), and he speaks of “The God of our fathers” (another person), who “raised up Jesus [the Son of the Father, and another person] . . . Him hath God exalted to be a Prince and Saviour . . . we are witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost [another witness and therefore another person] whom God hath given to them that obey him.” Peter here and in Acts 5:3-4 teaches that the Holy Ghost is a separate person, witness, and God, from the Father and the Son, whom he was speaking about by the Holy Ghost. (See Point V, 32, Lesson Twenty-one and Point 22, below.)

9.       In Acts 4:23-31 the whole Church recognizes three persons: They were “filled with the Holy Ghost” (one person), and “they lifted up their voice to God” (another person, in Heaven), and told God about what David had said about the people gathering together against “God” and “his anointed One” (another person, the Messiah), and prayed for “God” to work “by the name of thy holy child Jesus.”

10.     We have twenty-three other places in Acts where two and three persons are referred to. They are clear in themselves like the above examples; so the references are all that is needful to give here. Each one of them speaks of, and requires us to understand that two and three persons are referred to. They do not make sense if we try to understand them in connection with only one person (Acts 8:15-24, 29-37; 9:1-17, 20, 31; 10:38-48; 11:14-18, 24; 13:1-5, 17, 22-24, 28-30, 33-39; 15:7-11, 19, 28; 17:30-31; 19:1-7; 20:21-23, 28; 22:6-21; 26:6-23; 28:22-28).

11.     In the introduction to all of Paul’s epistles he clearly distinguishes between “the Father” and “the Son” and “the Holy Ghost” (Rom. 1:1-4, 7; 1 Cor. 1:3; 2 Cor. 1:3; Gal. 1:3; Eph. 1:2; Phil. 1:2; Col. 1:2; 1 Thess. 1:1; 2 Thess. 1:2; 1 Tim. 1:1-2; 2 Tim. 1:1-2; Titus 1:4; Phm. 3; Heb. 1:1-3).

12.     Not only in the introduction of Paul’s epistles, but many times through the epistles He clearly distinguishes between the three separate persons of the Trinity (Rom. 5:1-11; 8:1-39; 9:4-5, 33; 10:9; 15:5-19, 30; 16:20; 1 Cor. 1:9, 24, 30; 2:10-12; 3:23; 5:9-11; 6:14; 8:6; 11:3; 12:3; 15:24-28, 57; 2 Cor. 1:19-22; 2:14-17; 3:3-4; 5:19-21; 11:4; 13:14; Gal. 1:15-16; 3:11, 19-20; 4:4, 7; Eph. 1:3-23; 2:4-7, 18-22; 3:5, 10-11, 13-21; 4:3-4, 30-32; 5:1-5, 17-20; 6:11-23; Phil. 1:8; 2:5-11; 3:14; 4:7, 19; Col. 1:12-24; 3:1, 17; 1 Thess. 3:11; 5:18-19; 2 Thess. 2:16; 1 Tim. 2:5; 2 Tim. 1:7; 4:1; Titus 2:13; 3:4-5; Heb. 2:3-4; 6:4-6; 7:14-25; 8:1; 9:14, 24; 10:5-31; 12:1-2, 22-24; 13:20).

13.     The other apostles in the introduction to their epistles also clearly distinguish between the three persons of the Trinity (Jas. 1:1; 1 Pet. 1:2-3; 2 Pet. 1:1-2; 1 Jn. 1:1-7; 2 Jn. 3; Jude 1; Rev. 1:1-6).

14.     In other parts of their writings they also make the same distinction (1 Pet. 1:10-21; 2:3-5; 3:18-22; 5:10; 2 Pet. 1:16-21; 1 Jn. 2:1, 22-24; 3:8, 23-24; 4:15; 5:5-20; Jude 20-24; Rev. 2:27-29; 3:5-6, 12-13, 21-22; 4:2-5; 5:1-13; 7:9-17; 11:15; 12:10; 14:1, 4, 12-13; 20:6; 21:22-27; 22:1-5).

In all the 117 separate passages cited above in the last four points try to interpret or understand them to refer to only one person and note the results. One would have to be a better biblical magician than Satan has yet raised up to change these passages to make sense with only one person. Repeatedly one will find phrases like “peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ,” “God even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,” “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,” “from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father,” and “from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; and from Jesus Christ.” Are these statements of only one person? If so, the following also expresses only one person: This is a gift from John and from James and from George. Anyone knows that all such statements refer to three persons. Not one time do we have a statement like this: “From the Father, who is Jesus, and the Holy Ghost, or from Jesus, who is the Father and the Holy Ghost.” All three persons in the Godhead are always clearly distinguished from each other in all Scriptures.

15.     The words “through” and “by,” used of Christ and the Holy Spirit only and never of the Father, prove the Father is the head of Christ and the Holy Spirit, working through and by them (1 Cor. 3:23; 11:3; Jn. 10:29; 14:28; 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7-15; Acts 2:33-34). Note the following passages where certain acts were done “through Jesus Christ” (Acts 4:2; Rom. 1:8; 5:1, 9, 11; 7:25; 15:17; 16:27; 1 Cor. 15:57; 2 Cor. 3:4; Gal. 3:14; 4:7; 5:10; Eph. 2:7, 18; Phil. 4:7, 13; Titus 3:6; Heb. 13:21; 1 Pet. 1:22; 4:11; 1 Jn. 4:9), “through the Holy Ghost” (Acts 1:2; 21:4; Rom. 8:13; 15:13, 19; Gal. 5:5; Eph. 2:22; Heb. 9:14), “by Jesus Christ” (Jn. 1:3, 10, 17; 10:9; Acts 4:10; 10:36; Rom. 2:16; 3:22; 5:17, 21; Gal. 1:1; Eph. 1:5; 3:9; Col. 1:15-20; 3:17; Heb. 1:1-3; 1 Pet. 2:5; 5:10), and “by the Holy Spirit” (Ezek. 11:24; Mic. 3:8; Zech. 4:6; Mt. 12:28; Lk. 2:27; 4:1; Acts 11:28; Rom. 5:5; 15:19; 1 Cor. 2:10; 6:11; 12:3, 13). The Father must be a separate person from the Son or Spirit, or He could not do these things “through” and “by” them, and they must be separate persons from the Father, or they could not act as persons in doing all these things in the will of and at the command of the Father.

16.     Paul said that “Christ was God’s and God was “the head of Christ” (1 Cor. 3:23; 11:3). So, if Christ is the one who is head, the whole Godhead, the only one person of God, and over all, Paul lied, and if he did not tell the truth on this point, how do we know but that many of his other statements are lies? Jesus taught the same doctrine that Paul did; so if Paul lied, Jesus did also, and if both were false teachers, then the whole Bible may be a lie and man has nothing to base faith and hope upon (Jn. 10:29; 14:28; Acts 1:4-8). How could Jesus be the Father and these Scriptures be true? How could Jesus-only people be correct and these Scriptures be true? How could we believe both? That is impossible; so we better reject all theories that teach that Jesus is the Father and Holy Ghost and hold to the old faith and the old book. Jesus not only taught that “the Father is greater than I” but also that both the Father and Son were greater in position than the Spirit, for the Spirit proceeds from them in obedience to them (Jn. 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7-15). Peter and others taught the same doctrine (Mt. 3:11; Jn. 1:31-34; Acts 2:33-34; 5:32; Lk. 11:13). The Old Testament also teaches that the Father is “head of all” (1 Chron. 29:11 with Heb. 1:1-3; Acts 3:21; 2 Tim. 3:16-17; 1 Cor. 11:3).

17.     The pronouns “himself,” “myself,” “ownself” and other terms that distinguish one person from another are used many times of each of the three persons in the Godhead. The word “himself” is used “of the Father” (Mt. 6:4; Jn. 5:20, 26, 37; 13:32; 16:27; Acts 14:17; 2 Cor. 5:18-19; Eph. 1:5, 9; 1 Thess. 3:11; Heb. 6:3; Rev. 21:3); “of the Son” (Mt. 8:17; Lk. 24:15, 27, 36; Jn. 5:18-19, 26; 7:18; Acts 1:3; Rom. 15:3; 1 Cor. 15:28; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 2:20; 5:2, 25, 27; Heb. 1:3); and “of the Holy Spirit” (Jn. 16:13; Rom. 8:15, 25). It is used of both the Father and Son in the same passages to distinguish between the two (Jn. 5:19-20; 17:5). The words “myself” and “himself” are used of the Father many times in the Old Testament, for He was the prominent speaker in the Old Testament. The word “myself” is used of the Father in Isa. 33:10; 42:14; 43:21; Jer. 22:5; 49:13; Ezek. 14:7; 20:5-9; 35:11; 38:23, and “himself” is used of Him in 1 Sam. 3:21; 10:19; 2 Chron. 13:12; Ps. 135:4, 14; Isa. 7:14; 8:13. The word “myself” is many times used of the Son in the Gospels, for He was then the prominent speaker and worker present among men (Lk. 24:39; Jn. 5:31; 7:17, 28; 8:18, 28, 42, 54; 10:18; 12:49; 14:3, 10, 21; 17:19). Jesus makes it very plain in these passages that He did not come of “myself” and that He could not and did not do anything “of myself.” The words “him” are also used of both the Father and the Son to distinguish them and to prove they are two separate persons (Dan. 7:9-14).

18.     In 1 Cor. 14:2, 28 Paul says speaking in tongues is by the Spirit and unto God. The Spirit must be a person or He could not speak and exercise personal traits or have personal acts. If He is a person, we know there are two persons, for the God He talks to must also be a person.

Paul, several times in distinguishing between the separate persons of the deity, said that there was “one God, the Father (thus defining whether he means the whole Godhead or one person of that Godhead), of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ [another one from the Father and the Spirit], by whom are all things, and we by him and one Spirit (a different one from the first two), by whom we have access unto the Father” (1 Cor. 8:6; 12:13; 2 Cor. 11:4; Eph. 2:18; 4:3-4). Here “one” in number is clear for three “ones” are mentioned in the same passages together as being distinct from each other, and each one is definitely defined and set apart from the others by qualifying statements. The first three “ones” of Eph. 4 (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost) are distinguished as three separate persons just like the other four “ones” (one faith, one hope, one body, and one baptism) are distinguished from each other as four separate entities. One would have just as much right and it would be just as logical and scriptural to make one faith, one hope, one body, and one baptism all one thing as to make one God, the Father, one Lord Jesus Christ, and one Spirit just one person (Eph. 4:3-6). The true sense of this passage is that there are seven separate and distinct persons and things referred to and not just one person and one thing.

19.     In Phil. 2:5-11 we have the fact stated that the second person of the Trinity, before He became man, was “in the form of God,” i.e., had a spirit-body as the Father and the Spirit each still has. He thought it not robbery to be equal to God, but humbled Himself and took human form to pay the penalty for man and redeem men to God. For this humiliation He was highly exalted on the right hand of the Father. The Greek word for “robbery” is harpadzo, “a thing to be grasped after.” It is translated “pluck” (Jn. 10:28-29); “catcheth” (Mt. 13:19; Jn. 10:12); “caught up” (1 Thess. 4:17); and “pulling” (Jude 23). From these meanings of the word, we can see that Christ did not try to hold on to equality with God, but for an unselfish purpose was willing to lay aside His equality to become man to redeem. He laid aside His spirit–body to take a human body, His immortality in body to become mortal, His Lordship to become a servant, His spirit-form to take human form, His omnipresence to be limited in presence like men, His omniscience to grow in knowledge and learn obedience like men, His omnipotence to receive power from the Spirit to do the works and will of God as required of all men, and other powers to be limited as a man to prove to men and set an example before them that by the same means of grace He used they can live the same life and do the same works that He did (Jn. 14:12). For proof of these claims see Lesson Twenty-one, Points IV and VII. Thus, Phil. 2:5-11 definitely teaches two persons: one who humbled Himself and became man and another who still stayed in His God form and glory and who brought about the incarnation and ran the universe and again brought the humbled one back to His former glory and power (Jn. 17:5; Mt. 28:18).

20.     “In him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily” (Col. 2:9). This is taken by some to mean that all of God dwelled in the body of Jesus and there was no person or any part of God existing outside of the body of Jesus. This is not the meaning of this passage at all, for there were two separate persons with their own bodies, souls, and spirits who still existed outside the body of Jesus, as we have seen. The true meaning is that all of God’s provision for man is in and through Jesus and came to man through the offering of the body of Jesus in sacrifice, thus meeting all the demands of God and the needs of man. It was for this purpose that His body was prepared (Rom. 7:4; 1 Cor. 11:24-29; Eph. 2:14-16; Col. 1:20-22; Heb. 10:5-10; 1 Pet. 2:24). It may be translated “In Him dwelleth all the fullness of the atonement bodily or the fullness of the Godhead sacrificially.” It is the only body the Godhead provided as a sacrifice for the lost world, and it is the only body provided among men for the Godhead to dwell in as a man (Heb. 2:9-18). All the blessings and “fullness of God” are provided for man by God being manifested in the flesh and dwelling in a human body (Jn. 1:17; Rom. 15:29; Eph. 1:23; 3:19; 4:13; Col. 1:19; Jn. 3:34; 7:37-39). That this idea of the fullness of God for man dwelling in and coming through Christ is the right one is stated by Paul in the very next verse: “And ye are complete in him,” or you have all God’s fullness by Him.

21.     In 1 Tim. 2:5 Paul speaks of Christ as a “mediator” between God and man. No person can be a mediator between himself and another person. A mediator must be a separate person from the two persons he is to mediate between. It is used of Moses, who mediated the Old Testament between God and Israel (Deut. 5:5; Gal. 3:19-20), and of Christ who mediated the New Testament between God and man, thus proving Christ to be a separate person from God the Father, as was Moses (Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24). Some have made an attempt to prove that Jesus, the only personal God, left His own throne to mediate between Himself and man by a fairy tale of a king who left his throne and became his own mediator in trying to win a wife. If we have to prove Bible doctrines by fairy tales instead of Scripture, we have no proof. The meaning of “mediate” according to the Funk and Wagnall Dictionary is “To interpose between parties in order to reconcile them; to be intermediate; acting as an intervening agency between.” Webster says, “To be in the middle, or between two; to intervene; to interpose between parties as the equal friend of each.” This requires a separate person from the two at enmity. Thus, if Jesus is the mediator between God and man, He could not be the God or the man, but He must be a separate person from each and a friend of both to try to reconcile them.

22.     John definitely says, “there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost and these three are one (1 Jn. 5:7-8). This proves them to be three separate persons or they could not be three witnesses. Three persons cannot be one except in unity. One person cannot be three persons or three persons cannot be one person in any sense. Any number above one implies plurality, and any number of persons can be one in unity (Jn. 17:11, 21-23). It does not say “there is one witness who bears record, but “there are three” and “these three are one.” Three what? Three parts of one person? No! That is not the subject of John. It is three witnesses for bearing witness to the sonship of Jesus is the whole subject of 1 Jn. 5:5-11, 13, 20. Both God and man demand more than one witness to confirm truth, as we have seen in Lesson Twenty-one, Point V, 31. Any set of three witnesses could not be just three parts of one person, for this would not be accepted in any court and would not meet the demands of God Himself, but they must be three separate persons to confirm anything. God the Father is a witness separate from both the Son and the Holy Spirit (Jer. 29:23; Mal. 3:5; Jn. 5:31-37; Rom. 1:9; Heb. 1:1; 2:3-4); God the Son is a witness separate from both the Father and the Holy Spirit (Isa. 55:4; Jn. 18:37; 1 Tim. 6:13; Rev. 1:5); and God the Holy Spirit is a witness separate from both the Father and the Son (Rom. 8:16; Jn. 15:26; Heb. 10:15). If all three are witnesses then all three must be separate persons. They must be separate persons, or they could not be called witnesses, nor could each bear witness. No three parts of any one person could be called three separate witnesses; so if there be three witnesses they could not be anything else but three persons. Each witness to be accepted by God or man must be an intelligent free will capable of seeing, thinking, hearing, speaking, and acting. Only a responsible person could be a separate witness, or be any kind of witness to testify to facts.

When God said, “there are three that bear record [witness] in Heaven, the Father, the Word (Son, Jn. 1:14), and the Holy Ghost; and these three agree in one. And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one,” He definitely said there were three separate persons and two separate things that bear witness in both Heaven and Earth. The Spirit bears witness in both places. In addition to two or three witnesses in any court there can be any number of things shown to confirm the testimony of the persons who are witnesses in the case. So here in addition to three persons (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost), the “water” and the “blood” confirm the witness of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, that Jesus was and is the Son of God with a flesh body to atone for sin and fully redeem man to the Father. There are then three witnesses and two things that witness in Heaven and Earth to His sonship.

The three witnesses are:

(1)    The Father (one person, who begat the Son).

(2)    The Word (the Son, who was begotten, Jn. 1:1-2, 14, 18; 3:16-18).

(3)    The Holy Ghost (a third person who bears witness in both Heaven and Earth and who was the actual power of begetting, Lk. 1:32-35; Mt. 1:18-25).

The two things are:

(1)    The water (referring to the water baptism of Christ when witness was given to Him by the Father speaking of Him from Heaven and the Spirit from Heaven descending upon the Son, Mt. 3:16-17; Jn. 1:31-34; 1 Jn. 5:6, 9).

(2)    The blood (which was shed to seal and witness the New Testament, Mt. 26:28).

The phrases “these three are one” and “these three agree in one” mean the same thing as seen by like expressions in Scripture. In both cases the “three” are “one” in unity, or to one point; that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, not the Father or the Holy Ghost.

23.     Many Scriptures speak of the Holy Ghost as a Spirit-Being and as a separate person from both the Father and the Son, all the time that Jesus was a human being on Earth and as a resurrected being since His ascension to Heaven. This distinction is clear from Lesson Twenty-five.

24.     Many Scriptures speak of God as being a Spirit-Being and as a separate person from both the Son and the Holy Spirit. This is clear from Lessons Four, Twenty-one and Twenty-five.

25.     Revelation 1:4-6; 4:1-8; 5:1-7 clearly reveals three separate persons in the Godhead, as we have already seen in Point III, 2 (9), above.

Finis Dake-God’s Plan For Man

89 Proofs of a Divine Trinity

Eighty-nine Proofs of A Divine Trinity:

 

What we mean by Divine Trinity is that there are three separate and distinct persons in the Godhead, each one having His own personal spirit body, personal soul, and personal spirit in the same sense each human being, angel, or any other being has his own body, soul, and spirit. We mean by body, whether a spirit body or a flesh body, the house for the indwelling of the personal soul and spirit. The soul is that which feels and the spirit is that which knows.

 

The doctrine of the Trinity can be clearly seen, being understood by the visible things that are made, even to His eternal power and Godhead (Rom. 1:20). What on earth was created in the image and likeness of God? Man (Gen. 1:26-28). Do God’s image and likeness consist only of moral and spiritual powers? If so, it can be concluded that man is only a moral and spiritual being. Is God bodiless? If so, we can conclude that man is also bodiless.

 

Is God only one being made up of several persons or beings in the one being? If so, we can conclude that man is one person or being made up of many. Does God need a flesh body in order to have any kind of body? No! There are such things as spirit and heavenly bodies. See 1Cor. 15:35-38. From this passage we learn that all things in creation — grain, fish, birds, beasts, man, angels, and even the planets — have bodies, sizes, shapes, and forms.

 

The Bible declares that God has a body, shape, image, likeness, physical parts, a personal soul and spirit, and all other things that constitute a being or a person with a body, soul, and spirit (see note, Jn. 4:24; note, Jn. 5:37; The Doctrine of Man.

 

Angels, cherubim, seraphim, and all other spirit beings have spirit bodies and personal souls and spirits. They have been seen with the natural eyes of men over 100 times in Scripture (see Appearances of Angels to Men). If all other spirit beings have spirit bodies, could not the members of the Trinity also have spirit bodies? The 284 passages on spirits in Scripture prove that spirit bodies are just as real and capable of operation in the material worlds as are flesh bodies. There is no such thing as a world of creations made up of invisible substance. The so-called spirit world must be understood simply as spirit beings inhabiting material worlds created by God. Heaven itself is a material place(Gen. 1:1; Heb. 11:10-16), having cities, mansions, furniture, inhabitants, living conditions, etc.

 

God has been seen physically by human eyes many times (Gen. 18:1-33; 19:24; 32:24-30; Ex. 24:11; 33:11-23; Josh. 5:13-15; Judg. 6:11-23; 13:3-25; 1Chr. 21:16-17; Job 42:5; Isa. 6; Ezek. 1:26-28; 10:1,20; 40:3; Dan. 7:9-14; 10:5-10; Acts 7:56-59; Rev. 4:2-5; 5:1,5-7,11-14; 6:16; 7:9-17; 19:4; 21:3-5; 22:4).

 

In over 20,000 references about God in Scripture we get to know all we need to know about the subject. If we will take the Bible literally as to what it says about Him, as we do with other things the subject will be very clear; but if we make God a mystery, ignoring the plain statements of Scripture about Him, and refusing to believe the many descriptions of God given by those who have seen one, two, and three separate persons called “God,” then we ill remain in ignorance.

 

It is true there are a few figurative statements about God in Scripture, as there are about man and other things, but shall we do away with the reality of man and these other things because of a few figures of speech? Let us make man mere salt and lights (Mt. 5:13-14), if we are going to do away with God because of a few figures of speech.

 

We submit the following facts in Scripture to prove a Divine Trinity of separate persons in the Godhead:

 

1. The word “one” means one in unity as well as one in number. It means unity in 1Jn. 5:7, as it does in Jn. 17:11,21-23, and yet these three Persons, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, are spoken of as one each in number and individuality in Scripture. There is one God the Father, one Lord Jesus Christ, and one Holy Spirit (1Cor. 8:6; Eph. 4:3-6). Thus, there are three separate Persons in divine individuality and divine pluralty. The Father is called God (1Cor. 8:6), the Son is called God (Isa. 9:6,7; Heb. 1:8; Jn. 1:1-2; 20:28), and the Holy Spirit is called God (Acts 5:3-4). As individual persons each can be called God and collectively they can be spoken of as one God because of their perfect unity. The word “God” is used either as a singular or a plural word, like sheep. Everything that could be spoken of God collectively applies equally to each member of the Godhead as an individual, but there are some things that are said of each person of the Deity as to position, office, and work that could not be spoken as of the other members of the Godhead. The Father is the head of Christ (1Cor. 11:3); the Son is the only begotten of the Father (2Jn. 1:3), and the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son (Jn. 14:16,26; 15:26; 16:7-15; Acts 2:34).

 

2. Names of God prove plurality of persons.(Gen. 3:5; Ex. 22:28; 1Sam. 4:8; Dan. 2:11; 4:6-9; 5:11,14; etc.).

 

3. Plural pronouns are used of God, proving plurality of persons (Gen. 1:26; 3:22; 11:7; Isa. 6:8; Jn. 14:23; 17:11,22-23).

 

4. First, second, and third personal pronouns are used hundreds of times in Scripture, referring to one, two, and three persons of the Godhead in the same sense they are used of men. Sometimes the different members of the Deity use them to and of one another in the same sense man uses them. In Jn. 17 alone Jesus uses them 162 Times in speaking to and of His Father (cp. Jn. 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15). Sometimes singular pronouns are used of the whole Godhead of three members as a unity (Ex. 20:3; Isa. 44:6,8; 45:5,21; 46:9; Hos. 13:4), just like the whole church as a unit is spoken of as a man and “he” (Eph. 2:14-15; 4:13; 5:25-27; 2Th. 2:7-8).

 

5. “Man is become as one of us” proves plurality of persons (Gen. 3:22).

 

6. Two and three Persons called God have been seen by the same men at the same time and places as being separate persons (Dan. 7:9-14; Mt. 3:16-17; Jn. 1:31-34; Acts 7:54-60; Rev. 6:16; 7:9-17; 21:22; 22:3).

 

7. Two Lords are mentioned in Gen. 19:24; one on earth and one in heaven.

 

8. Two Persons are referred to in the Old Testament See Ps. 8:5-6 with Heb. 2:5-18; Ps. 16:8-10 with Acts 2:25-36; Ps. 22:1-22 with Mt. 27:35,39-43,45-46; Heb. 9:14; 10:5-12; Ps. 40:6-10 with Heb. 10:5-7; and Ps. 45:6-7 with Heb. 1:8-9.

 

9. Two Lords are mentioned sitting side by side (Ps. 110:1,5; Mt. 22:44; 26:64; Acts 2:33-34; 7:54-56; Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3,13; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; 1Pet. 3:22; Rev. 22:3).

 

10. Two Persons are mentioned and required in order to understand the plain language of Ps. 2; 9:19; 132:17; Prov. 30:4; Isa. 4:2; 10:16-17; 28:16; 49:1-10; 50:4-11; 52:13Isa. 53:12; 62:11; Mic. 5:1-5; Jer. 23:4-8; 33:14-26; Zech. 3:8-10; 6:12-13. In these passages one is anointed, becomes the son of, is sent by, is taught by, and becomes the servant of the other; and both are called Lord.

 

11. Three self-acting Persons — the Lord God, the Messiah, and the Holy Spirit — are referred to as blessing, anointing, sending, and doing things for one another in Isa. 11:2; 42:1-7; 48:16; 59:21; 61:1-2; 63:1-14; Zech. 12:10Zech. 13:2.

 

12. In Zech. 1:7-21 the Lord of Hosts and the angel of the Lord (also called Lord, Zech. 1:19-20; 2:1-13) are talking together. One Lord says of the other Lord that He has sent Him to Israel (Zech. 2:8-13). One Lord refers to Himself as “Me” and to the Lord of Hosts as “His” and “He” (Zech. 2:8-11). The conference continues throughout Zechariah until Zech. 13:6-7 where both Lords are called fellows or associate.

 

13. Jesus Christ is called the son of Abraham, David, Mary, and of God (Mt. 1:1; Mk. 1:1; 6:3). He is just as much a separate person from God as He is of these other persons.

 

14. Two Persons are referred to many times in the New Testament (Mt. 11:27; Lk. 23:46; Jn. 1:1-2,18; 5:19-20; 14:1-9; 16:15; 17:3,10; Acts 2:38-39; 3:13-26; Php. 2:5-11; Eph. 3:5; Col. 1:5; 2Th. 2:16-17; Tit. 2:13; Heb. 1:1-3; Rev. 20:6; 22:3).

 

15. Two and three Persons are mentioned in the introductions to New Testament books (Rom. 1:1-4,7; 1Cor. 1:3; Jas. 1:1; 1Pet. 1:1-3; 2Jn. 1:3; Rev. 1:1-6; etc.).

 

16. God is the head of Christ and thus greater than He in position (1Cor. 3:23; 11:3; 1Chr. 29:11; Jn. 14:28).

 

17. Christ is the mediator between God and man, not between Himself and man (1Tim. 2:5).

 

18. Two and three Persons are referred to in every New Testament book (Mt. 3:16-17; 12:31-32; 17:5; 22:43-45; 28:19; Mk. 1:1-2,10; 13:32; Lk. 1:32-35; 2:40,52; 3:22; 4:1; 4:18; 9:35; 23:46; 24:39 with Jn. 4:24; Jn. 1:1-3,14,18; 5:17-25,31-38; 6:37,44-46,57; 7:16-18,28,37-39; 8:13-19,26-38,42,54; 10:15-18,24,29,36; 12:26-31,44,49-50; 14:1-26,28-30; 15:1-26; 16:1-33; 17:1-26; 18:11; 20:17,21; 18:11; 20:17,21; Acts 1:7-8; 2:24-36; 3:13-26; 4:10,26-31; 5:29-33; 7:37,55-56; 8:12-17; 9:17; 10:38-48; 17:31; Rom. 1:3,7,9; 5:1-11; 8:1-13,26-39; 1Cor. 1:3-9; 2:10; 3:23; 8:6; 11:3; 12:3; 15:57; 2Cor. 1:2-3; 5:17-21; 13:14; Gal. 1:1-3; Eph. 1:2-3; 3:14; 4:3-6; 6:23; Php. 1:2; 2:5-11; Col. 1:2-3,13-19; 3:1; 1Th. 1:1-10; 3:13; 2Th. 1:1-2; 2:16; 1Tim. 1:2; 2:5; 5:21; 6:14-16; 2Tim. 1:2; 4:1; Tit. 1:4; 2:13; Phm. 1:3; see note, Rev. 5:13 for 30 last New Testament references). In no conceivable way can we force a meaning of three persons in one person; three beings in one being; or three manifestations of only one person in any of these or any other scripture.

 

19. There are three distinct and separate witnesses that bear witness of Christ (1Jn. 5:5-11,13,20). Both God and man require this many personal and separate witnesses to confirm any point (Mt. 18:16; 2Cor. 13:1). The water and blood of 1Jn. 5:8 could not be accepted as accredited personal witnesses to confirm any point (Mt. 18:16; 2Cor. 13:1). The water and blood of 1Jn. 5:8 could not be accepted as accredited personal witness in themselves. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are the only persnal witnesses of this passage. If we consider these to be only one person, then there are not the required number of witnesses to establish the truth of the Sonship of Jesus Christ. We are forced by facts to admit all of 1Jn. 5:7-8 as inspired Scripture and therefore, the fact that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are three separate and personal witnesses instead of being only one person or witness. Indeed, many scriptures confirm these three witnesses:

 

(1) The Father (Jer. 29:23; Mal. 3:5; Jn. 5:31-37, notes; Rom. 1:9; Heb. 1:1-2; 2:3-4)

 

(2) The Son (Isa. 55:4; Jn. 18:37; 1Tim. 6:13; Rev. 1:5)

 

(3) The Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:16; Jn. 15:26; Heb. 10:15; 1Jn. 3:6) If all three are witnesses, then they must be separate Persons. The water and the blood simply confirm the intelligent testimonies of the three Persons of the Godhead and give additional weight to the Sonship of Jesus.

 

20. The words through and by, used of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, but not once of the Father, prove that God to be a separate Person and the Head and Director of all things done by and through them (1Cor. 3:23; 11:3; Jn. 10:29; 14:28; 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15; Acts 2:33-34):

 

(1) Through Jesus Christ (Acts 4:2; Rom. 1:8; 5:1,9,11; 6:23; 7:25; 15:17; 16:27; 1Cor. 15:57; 2Cor. 3:4; Gal. 3:14; 4:7; 5:10; Eph. 2:7,18; Php. 4:7,13; Tit. 3:6; Heb. 13:21; 1Pet. 1:22; 4:11; 1Jn. 4:9)

 

(2) By Jesus Christ (Jn. 1:3,10,17; 10:9; Acts 4:10; 10:36; Rom. 2:16; 3:22; 5:17,21; Gal. 1:1; Eph. 1:5; 3:9; Col. 1:15-20; 3:17; Heb. 1:1-3; 1Pet. 2:5; 5:10)

 

(3) Through the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:2; 21:4; Rom. 8:13; 15:13,19; Gal. 5:5; Eph. 2:22; Heb. 9:14)

 

(4) By the Holy Spirit (Ezek. 11:24; Mic. 3:8; Zech. 4:6; Mt. 12:28; Lk. 2:27; 4:1; Acts 11:28; Rom. 5:5; 15:19; 1Cor. 2:10; 6:11; 12:3,13)

 

Proofs that Jesus Is Not the Father:

 

21. The Father was in heaven all the time that Jesus was on earth (Mt. 5:16,48).

 

22. Christ now sits at the right hand of the Father (see note 9, above).

 

23. Jesus said He would confess men “before My Father,” proving He is not the Father (Mt. 10:32; Rev. 3:5).

 

24. Jesus always prayed to the Father as a separate Person (Mt. 11:25; Jn. 17).

 

25. The Father existed outside the body of Jesus, so He could not be Jesus (Mt. 2:12; 3:17; 17:5; Jn. 12:27-30).

 

26. Both Jesus and Satan refer to a God separate from Jesus (Mt. 4:6-10).

 

27. God was the Father of Jesus, not Jesus Himself (Eph. 1:3,17; 3:14).

 

28. In parables Jesus illustrates His relationship to the Father as that of separate persons (Mt. 21:33-46; Jn. 15:1-8).

 

29. People are taught to go directly to the Father and not to pray to Jesus (Jn. 14:12-15; 15:16; 16:23-26).

 

30. The Father knew things that Jesus did not know (Mk. 13:32; Acts 1:7).

 

31. Others saw Jesus as a separate Person from the Father (Dan. 7:9-14; Acts 7:56).

 

32. Jesus committed His own spirit to the Father, not to Himself (Lk. 23:46).

 

33. Jesus claimed that He came from God and was going back to God (Jn. 8:42; 16:5; 10:36; 17:8).

 

34. God is a Spirit, not flesh and blood like Jesus was (Jn. 4:24; 19:34; Mt. 16:17; Lk. 24:39).

 

35. People on earth with Jesus heard God speak as a separate person from heaven (Mt. 3:17; 17:5; 2Pet. 1:16-18).

 

36. Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, not the Father Himself (Jn. 5:17-35).

 

37. Jesus called the Father “My God,” even after the resurrection (Jn. 20:17; Rev. 3:12).

 

38. Jesus called God “My Father” 57 times (Jn. 15:1; Rev. 2:27). How could He be His own God and Father and beget Himself?

 

39. When Jesus was born on earth angels and people still recognized God in heaven (Lk. 2:7-16). Were they mistaken about God? Was the child all of God on earth and in heaven also?

 

40. Mary and Joseph acted with utmost ignorance if the baby Jesus was all of God, for they presented Him to the Lord Who was someone other than Jesus (Lk. 2:22).

 

41. Simeon had a revelation and guidance from the Holy Spirit that Jesus was not the only member of the Godhead (Lk. 2:26-33).

 

42. John the Baptist knew the Father, but he did not know the Son (Jn. 1:31-34).

 

43. The Son died, not the Father (1Cor. 15:3; 1Pet. 2:24).

 

44. Jesus was the only begotten Son of the Father, so could not be the Father or the begetter of Himself (Jn. 1:14).

 

45. Jesus claimed that He could not and did not do anything of Himself, but that the Father worked through Him (Jn. 5:19,30; 6:38; 8:28; 12:49-50).

 

46. He did not come to do His own will, but that of the Father who sent Him (Jn. 5:30; 6:38).

 

47. His doctrine was not His, but the Father’s (Jn. 7:16-17; 8:26).

 

48. He did not speak of Himself, but of the Father who had sent Him (Jn. 7:16-18; 8:26-40).

 

49. He did not please Himself, but the Father (Jn. 8:29).

 

50. He was a Son, not a Father over the house of God (Jn. 8:35-36; Heb. 3:6).

 

51. He had the same relation to His Father that men have with Satan (Jn. 8:16,35-44; 9:4).

 

52. He honored the Father as all people should (Jn. 8:49).

 

53. He did not seek His own glory, but that of the Father (Jn. 8:50-54; 17:4).

 

54. He knew the Father, but was not the Father (Jn. 8:55; 10:15).

 

55. He was loved by the Father as a separate person (Jn. 10:17-18).

 

56. He kept the Father’s commandments and they were not His own (Jn. 12:49-50; 15:10).

 

57. His disciples were given to Him by the Father (Jn. 10:29; 17:1-25).

 

58. He was equal with the Father in some things, but not in others (Mk. 13:32; Jn. 5:17-39; 8:13-19,29-42; 19:18-29; Acts 1:7; 1Cor. 11:3; Rev. 1:1).

 

59. He and the Father were in unity and in each other in the same sense believers are to be in unity and in God (Jn. 10:38; 14:10-11,23; 17:11,21-23).

 

60. He was the only way to the Father (Jn. 6:37; 14:6).

 

61. He said, I am not alone or the only witness of My sonship. The Father is another witness (Jn. 5:36-38; 8:13-19,54; 12:49-50; 14:10-11).

 

62. Over 80 times Jesus affirmed that He was not the Father and not the only person in the Godhead. Christ was the speaker, but not the one spoken of or to (Mt. 7:21; 11:27; 18:10,35; Lk. 2:49; Jn. 5:17-43; 8:19-49; 10:17-37; 14:7-28; 15:1-26; Rev. 1:1; etc.). Is it any wonder that the Godhead, the Trinity, and the unity of God are so mysterious when we force separate persons to become only one person, all because we do not want to recognize the true meaning of the word one as referring to unity rather than individuality in some scriptures? People would be just as great a mystery if we forced the meaning of all men to refer to one person.

 

63. He was not as great as His Father (Jn. 10:29; 14:28; cp. 1Cor. 11:3).

 

64. The Father (Mt. 3:17), Jesus (Jn. 10:36), angels (Lk. 1:32-35), demons (Mk. 3:11; 5:7), and apostles (Mt. 16:16; Jn. 1:14; Rom. 8:32; 2Jn. 1:3), all declare the sonship of Jesus, but not once do they declare a Christ-fatherhood.

 

65. The Father and the Son spoke to each other in audible voices at the same time and place, being heard by many witnesses (Mt. 3:16-17; 7:5; Jn. 12:27-30; 2Pet. 1:17). In no single instance could such speaking be explained as the voice of one individual or be used to prove one Person in the Deity.

 

66. The word “both” is used of the Father and the Son, proving two Persons (Jn. 15:24; 2Jn. 1:9).

 

67. The word “also” is used of the Father and the Son, proving two Persons (Jn. 5:19,27; 8:19; 13:32; 14:1).

 

68. The statement, “They have not known the Father nor Me,” proves two Persons (Jn. 16:3,5).

 

69. Christ received all power in heaven and in earth (Mt. 28:18). The Father had to be greater than Jesus to give Him that power (Jn. 14:28).

 

70. Jesus was resurrected and exalted by the Father, so He could not be the Father (Eph. 1:20-23; Php. 2:9-11; Heb. 12:2; 1Pet. 3:22)

 

71. God made Jesus both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:33-36).

 

72. Six times in Jn. 14:1-9 Jesus made it clear that He was not the Father.

 

Holy Spirit Is Not Jesus Or the Father:

 

73. The Holy Spirit is another Person, distinct from both the Father and the Son (Jn. 5:32; 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15).

 

74. It was necessary that Jesus go away so that the Holy Spirit could come (Jn. 16:5-15).

 

75. He has been seen with the natural eyes as a separate Person from the Father and the Son (Mt. 3:16-17; Jn. 1:31-34; Rev. 4:5; 5:6).

 

76. He is symbolized as a separate Person with Christ, both of them before God who sits on a throne (Rev. 1:4-5; 3:1; 4:5; 5:6).

 

77. He could not be sent from God until Christ was glorified, but would then be sent from both the Father and the Son (Jn. 7:37-39; Acts 2:33-34).

 

78. He was sent from the Father to endow Jesus with power. This required three Persons: the One who sent Him, the One being sent, and the One who received Him (Acts 10:38; Isa. 11:2; 42:1-7; 61:1-2).

 

79. A clear distinction is made of the names of all three Persons (Mt. 28:19; 2Cor. 13:14; 1Jn. 5:7).

 

80. A clear distinction is made between the Son who prays, the Father to whom He prays, and the Holy Spirit for whom He prays (Jn. 14:16).

 

81. A clear distinction is made between the Son on the right hand of the Father, the Father on the left hand of the Son, and the Holy Spirit who is sent from the Father and the Son (Acts 2:33-36; 7:56; Jn. 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15).

 

82. The Son was already given (Jn. 3:16), when the Spirit was not yet given (Jn. 7:39).

 

83. The Son can be blasphemed with forgiveness possible; but if the Spirit is blasphemed, no forgiveness is possible. This proves two distinct Persons (Mt. 12:31-32; Mk. 3:29-30; Lk. 12:10).

 

84. The Samaritans received Jesus, but had not yet received the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:5-25).

 

85. Jesus could do no miracle by Himself (Jn. 5:19), but by the Holy Spirit He did many miracles (Jn. 2:11; Acts 10:38)

 

86. The Holy Spirit came not to speak of or glorify Himself, but to speak of and glorify Jesus (Jn. 16:7-15).

 

87. The descent of the Holy Spirit proved the arrival of Jesus in heaven to sit at the right hand of God, thus proving three Persons (Acts 2:33-34; Jn. 7:39).

 

88. Jesus claimed even after the resurrection that He was not a spirit being, so He could not be the Father or the Holy Spirit who are spirit beings (Lk. 24:39; Jn. 4:24; 14:16-17,26; 15:26; 16:7-15).

 

89. In the last book of the Bible the Trinity is seen as working together in all things (Rev. 1:4-6; 3:1; 4:5; 5:6; 21:10; 22:17).

 

Finis Dake- Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible.